Article 9 of the Constitution of the Federal Republic of Germany it’s about the freedom of association.
The charter containing the various articles was enacted on 23 May 1949 and came into effect only for West Germany and was considered temporary, waiting the reunification of the country. That is why it was not called ‘Constitution’ (Verfassung) but it was chosen the name of ‘Basic Law of the Federal Republic of Germany’, name that it still has today.
Modified several times over the years, after the fall of the Wall and the reunification of Germany, it was decided to apply the Constitution of the West to the whole country.
Article 9 of the Basic Law of the Federal Republic of Germany, is organised in three points and it is about the freedom of association.
⦁ The first point reaffirms the right of any German citizen to form an association or company.
⦁ The second point defines the characteristics according to which such associations may develop: they must not have unconstitutional or illegal purposes, nor promote enmity between peoples.
⦁ The third point recognises the freedom of trade unions, that is the right of workers to organise themselves into associations aimed at improving their working conditions and defending their rights. This freedom is also protected against possible repressive measures that could be taken by the state itself.
We now quote the ninth article in its entirety, reminding the readers that the Basic Law of the Federal Republic of Germany can be consulted in full via the portal of the German Federal Ministry of Justice at this address (https://www.gesetze-im-internet.de/englisch_gg/englisch_gg.html#p0030).